Trove: Find and get Australian resources. Books, images, historic newspapers, maps, archives and more. Cite this. Title. Las jarchas mozarabes: Forma y significado. Appears In. Romance Philology, v50, no.n1, August, p46(16) (ISSN: ). Author. Mozárabe mio sîdî ïbrâhîm yâ tú uemme dolge fente mib de nohte in non si non keris irey-me tib gari-me a ob legar-te. Jarchas Mozárabes.

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Many scholars have compared such themes to the Galician-Portuguese Cantigas de Amigo which date from c.

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University Presspp. These verses express the theme of the pain of longing for the absent lover habib. Retrieved from ” https: Generally, though not always, the kharja is presented as a quotation from a speaker who is introduced in the preceding stanza. For other uses, see Kharjah. The Romance kharjas are thematically comparatively restricted, being almost entirely about love.

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Modern translations of the Romance kharjas are a jarchws of debate particularly mozzrabes the Arabic script does not include vowels. With examples dating back to the 11th century, this genre of poetry is believed to be among the oldest in any Romance language, and certainly the earliest recorded form of lyric mozaranes in Ibero-Romance. None are recorded in Hebrew even when the muwashshah is in Hebrew.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The kharja appears often to have been composed independently of the muwashshah in which it is found. University Pressp. Views Read Edit View history. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. It has been nozarabes that such blending cannot possibly represent the natural speech-patterns of the Romance-speakers, [12] and that the Romance kharjas must therefore be regarded as macaronic literature.


About a third of extant kharjas are written in Classical Arabic. It is not uncommon to find the same kharja attached to several different muwashshahat. A minority of scholars, such as Richard Hitchcock contend that the Romance Kharjas are, in fact, not predominantly in a Romance language at all, but rather an extremely colloquial Arabic idiom bearing marked influence from the local Romance varieties.

For the Moroccan footballer, see Houssine Kharja. The muwashshah consists of five stanzas bait of four to six mozarabee, alternating with five or six refrains qufl ; each refrain has the same rhyme and metre, whereas each stanza has only the same metre.

Kharja – Wikipedia

Since the kharja may be written separately from the muwashshahmany scholars mozarabds speculated that the Romance Kharjas were originally popular Spanish lyrics that the court poets incorporated into their poems. Oh Lord, will you transform me? Because of this, most translations of these texts will be disputed by some.

Part of a series on. This page was last edited on 31 Mayat Webarchive template wayback links Pages with citations lacking titles Articles containing Arabic-language text Articles containing Spanish-language text Articles containing Portuguese-language text. For the Egyptian oasis with same name, see Kharga Oasis.

Most of the remainder are in Andalusi Arabic, but there are about seventy examples that are written either in Ibero-Romance or with significant Romance elements. Though they comprise only a fraction of the corpus of extant kharjasit is the Romance kharjas that have attracted the greatest scholarly interest. Other scholars dispute such claims, arguing that the kharjas stand firmly within the Arabic tradition with little or no Romance input at all, and the apparent similarities only arise because the kharjas discuss themes that are universal in human literature anyway.


It is sick, when will it be cured? Such scholars accuse the academic majority of misreading the ambiguous script in untenable or questionable ways and ignoring contemporary Arab accounts of how Muwashshahat and Kharjas were composed.

Most of them were copied by scribes who probably iarchas not understand the language they were recording, which may have caused errors in transmission. Mozarabee three quarters of them are put into the mouths of women, while the proportion for Arabic kharjas is nearer one fifth. So great is my pain for my beloved!

A large spectrum of translations is possible given the ambiguity created by the missing vowels and potentially erroneous consonants. My heart has left me, Oh sir, will it return to me? History, Structure and Meaning of the Kharja Leiden: Tan mal meu doler li-l-habib!

Most of the Romance kharjas are not written entirely in Romance, but include Arabic elements to a greater or lesser extent. A kharja or kharjah Arabic: